EKA-KRITHI RAGAS : BUDHAMANOHARI – JANYA OF MELA (29) RAGA SANKARABHARANAM

Budhamanohari is a raga created by Gayakashikhamani Dr. Muthaiah Bhagavathar. It is one of the rarest of the rare; there are two compositions written by Bhagavathar, but only one being sung mainly. This is an oudava raga, janya of the mela (29) ragam Sankarabharanam; losing D2 and N3 in arohanam and avarohanam, so that it is represented as:

S R2 G3 M1 S P S // S P M1 G3 R2 S

Though ‘Ragapravaham’ by D.Pattammal gives two more different versions under the same janaka raga; both do not contain D2 and N3.

S R2 G3 M1 S M1 S // S P M1 G3 R2 S

S R2 G3 M1 S G3 P S // S P M1 G3 R2 S

Sri. T.N.Seshagopalan, belonging to Bhagavathar’s sishya parampara and done much research on his compositions; also brought to light many, gives the specification as:

S R2 G3 M1 G3 P S // S P M1 G3 R2 S

Anyhow, it can be seen that the avarohanams in all these being same, the only difference is the vakra notes in the arohanam. Sri. Seshagopalan says about this raga and its origin in his lecture on Dr. Muthaiah Bhagavathar compositions and has spoken about his mahaguru: “We usually do vAdi samvAdi in swarams. He has done vAdi samvAdi in prayOgAs too. The raga budhamanOhari has a kriti, “samayamithE nannu brOchutaku” based on it. “S R G M G P S, S P M G R S”. I had been thinking how he would have thought about this rAgA. It struck me that KuntalavarALi is “S M1 P D2 N2 D2 S, S N2 D2 P M1 S”. If you take M1 as S and sing, you get BudhamanOhari. So BudhamanOhari is the madhyama mUrchana of KuntalavarALi. Such has been the kind of research he has done into rAgAs”.

Compositions: (both by Dr. Muthaiah Bhagavathar)

Samayamide nannu brochutaku

Kamesha baddha mangalye

The composition, “Samayamide” is on Lord Shanmukha and the lyrics:

“pallavi

samayamidE nannu brOcuTaku sanakAdinuta SaNmukhadEva

anupallavi

kamalAsanA gAngEya nA kali tIrcci vEga kApADuTaku

caraNam

nara sEvanamE nA jIvanamai tiriginanU nI cinta mAranayyA

harikEsha sudhA amara paripAlakAkaruNinci brOvu kArtikEyA

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