RARE RAGA SERIES : SAMUDRAPRIYA – JANYA OF MELA (56) RAGAM SHANMUKHAPRIYA

If we consider the janya ragas of prathimadhyama ragas, they are lesser in number and also less prominent than their corresponding suddha madhyama counterparts. One such is the ragam Samudrapriya (also known as Sumanesharanjani, SumanIsharanjani and Parppathi); this is the prathimadhyamam counterpart of Suddha Dhanyasi raga. Hence the ragaswaroopa can be written as: S G2 M2 P N2 S // S N2 P M2 G2 S Though it is said to be a janya of mela (56) ragam Shanmukhapriya, it can be derived from many other melas like (44) Bhavapriya, (46) Shadvidhamargini and (58) Hemavathi.

There is no reference found in SSP; but Ragapravaham by D.Pattammal gives reference with both names Samudrapriya and Sumanesaranjani, under same Shanmukhapriya mela and with same notes. This raga is a rare one; though we find some compositions available, none of these have come to concert arena much. Also, none of the Trinities and prominent composers before and after them have composed in this raga (except a couple of Purandaradasar krithis are later set to this raga). The Hindustani raga Madhukouns (Madhukauns) is a similar raga with same notes.

Compositions: Ganangalin pathiye GanapathiyE - Poovai senguttuvan Bharati devi taye-Purandaradasa Devatai vandal-Ilaiyaraja Karuttana vendellam-Abhirami Bhattar Ninrum irundum-Abhirami Bhattar Rama Karunimpava - G.Aswathama Eswaran onre - V.Dakshinamurthy Karanam chamaya - Chittibabu Paragu madade - Purandaradasa Pillai Praayattille - A V S Sivakumar Santa durga devi - Kalyani Varadarajan Vande nanda thanayam (v) - B. Sasikumar (chandrapothar) Kamala vasini nammithi (v) - Gurukripa Parayo sri Valli devasenapathi - A. Govindarajan Hari riha mugdha - jayadeva (sung by MLV) Unmai arindhavar - bharathiyar (madhukouns) Krishna kaho - Meera bhajan (Madhukouns) Thillana - Venupuri Srinivas Varuga varuga (Padam) - ?

We shall consider a new composition from Sri. B.Sasikumar, a noted Carnatic violinist, musician, teacher, composer and writer from Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, a composition in the raga, shown above; it is a tAnavarnam. Sri. Sasikumar writes under the mudra, “chandrapothar”; the famous musician Sri. Kavalam Srikumar is his disciple. "P: vandE nanda tanayam sundarAngam shrngAra lOlam gOpAlam vrndAvana lOlam bAlam vENugAna lOlam C: vIram dadhi cOram kamanIyam hrdi mAmaya" The varnam is on Lord Balakrishna and composed in Sanskrit language.




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