RARE RAGA SERIES: HAMSAVINODINI – JANYA OF MELA (29) RAGAM SANKARABHARANAM

Hamsavinodini is a comparatively popular name; there are enough compositions also; still it is not heard much in concerts, as also most of the compositions in this raga are never seem to be sung. None of the trinities seem to have set their hands in this raga; the mostly heard krithis seem to be compositions of the Mysore Maharaja and Narayana Theertha. Many of the later composers have written krithis in this raga; it is said that the raga was popularized by Dr. M.Balamuraleekrishna.

There are few ragas like Bhavabharanam, Dhaujenkaram, Jhankarasheela, Languli, Sandarshini etc, all these having the same ragaswaroopa of Hamsavinodini. But since there are no compositions in these ragas, it is likely that the raga might be known in these names also.

Hamsavinodini is a Panchama-varja janyam of mela (29) Sankarabharanam ragam; shadava in nature, represented as:

S R2 G3 M1 D2 N3 S // S N3 D2 M1 G3 R2 S

(it has another vakra avarohanam also, as : S N3 D2 N3 D2 M1 G3 R2 S, the D2 and N3 appearing again in vakra).

Ragapravaham also confirms this scale, though there is one more with Panchamam is seen:

S R G M D N S // S N D N D M G R S

S R G M D P S // S N D M G R S

(It is seen in some internet sites, the avarohanam is given same as Sankarabharanam notes, which is wrong).

Compositions:

Achara vinan arivili - Arunagirinathar (tp)

Chandrashekhara pahi - Bangalore S.Mukund

Gokulavana bhaktaloka - Pallavur Mani Iyer

Govinda govinda - Purandaradasar

Gurunu smarimpumu - Balamuraleekrishna

Inai adi undanai nan - Kovai Subri

Innamum oru sthalam - Marimutta Pillai

Marakatha mayil - Arindarkkiniyanar

Nanda krishna - Bangalore S.Mukund

Omkara porule - Punatashri

Parashambhavi amba - Ashok Madhav

Sami un sannidhi - N.S.Chidambaram

Sandarshananga - Bangalore S.Mukund

Sarasvatim bhagavatim - Jayachamaraja Wadiar

Sharanam bhava karunamamayi - Narayana Theertha

Valapu lelane vinta - Balamuraleekrishna

Dhim tanana dhim dhim (tillana) - Vinai Shesha Iyer

Tillana - B.Sasikumar (chandrapothar)

Engum nirai deivame (V) - Lalgudi Jayaraman

We have come to the discussion part; let us take the H.H.Jayachamaraja Wodeyar composition in this raga, “Saraswatheem Bhagavatheem”. Here is the lyrics:

“P: sarasvatIm bhagavatIm namAmyaham sammOhinIm paramahamsa vinOdinIm

A: sarasIruhAsana priya yuvatIm shrImatIm saraLa svabhAva sumatIm sannuta kIrtIm

sarasa gAnalOla vAgIshvarIm sampradAyika gAyakAnugrahakarIm

C: mUka vakpradAna vikhyAtam sucaritram shuka sanakAdi vanditAm karuNAnvitAm

pAka shAsanAdi sura pUjitAm shuka pustaka su-shObhitAm shrI vidyA tOSitAm”

It is a composition on vakdevi, Goddess Saraswathi, addressing Her and praising Her; the raga-mudra is intelligently incorporated as ‘parama”hamsa vinOdinI”m’.


0 views0 comments

Recent Posts

See All

RARE RAGAS IN CARNATIC MUSIC - INDEX

(Please check the name of the Raga and search using the search button) Ahir bhairaV Amrita vahini Andhali Andolika Ardra Desi Bangala Bhairavam Bhushavali Bindumalini Chandrajyothi Chhaya goula Chhaya

For media inquiries,

please contact

Sign up for news and updates

from Dr Radhakrishnan

© 2020 by Dr M Radhakrishnan

  • Black Facebook Icon
  • Black Twitter Icon
  • Black Instagram Icon