RARE RAGA SERIES : JAGANMOHINI – JANYA OF MELA (15) MAYAMALAVAGOULA

Jaganmohini, though there are a few compositions, is not a very familiar ragam – except for the Thyagaraja krithi, “Shobhillu Sapthaswara”. This raga is a janya of mela (15) Mayamalavagoula, with following notes:

Aroh: S G3 M1 P N3 S // Avaroh: S N3 P M1 G3 R1 S

Ragapravaham also confirms the same scale; but it is also shown as a janya of mela (64) Vachaspathi raga :

S G P N S - S N D P M G R S

Also, a raga with name, ‘Jaganmohana’ also is shown under mela (66) Chithrambari, with similar notes as the conventional specification:

S G M P N S - S N P M G R S

This raga is not to be confused with ‘Jaganmohana’, which is a janya of mela (38) Jalarnavam, known as Jaganmohanam in Dikshithar system. (Dikshithar krithi, “Sri Vidya Rajagopalam” is composed in Jaganmohanam).

Govindacharya has written a Lakshana Geetham for Jaganmohini raga, “ArE murArE garuDagamana”:

"ArE murArE garuDagamana sarasija nayana jagannAthurErE antara gAndhAra kAkali

svara itara shuddha ArOha ri dha varjita avarOha dha varjita sagrahanyAsAmsha tripuTa yukta

mAyAmALavagauLa mEla janita jaganmOhini rAgamavadhAraya shrI rAma namO namO".

As already said, there are considerable number of compositions available in this raga; but many of them are not heard at all; some are seen sung by musicians, but not heard in concerts.

Compositions available:

Shobhillu sapthaswara - Thyagaraja

Mamava sathatham Raghunatha - ,,

Daya Juda samayamithe – Shyama Sastri

Sivakama sundari – G.K.Bharathi

Pahi Tharkshupuralaya – Swathithirunal

Pari pahimam – Mysore Vasudevacharya

Gajanana pahi sada – Lalitha dasar

Daya payo nidhe mampahi – Meesu Krishna Iyer

Pranoumi sathatham – Dr. V.V.Srivatsa

Arivila pittar – Arunagirinathar

Kalai magale – Periyasami Tooran

Marudamalai vasan – Kovai Subri

Kalai Vani arula – Sudhananda Bharathi

Sree shubhadevi – Muthaiah Bhagavathar

We may discuss the famous Thyagaraja composition, “Shobhillu Sapthaswara”.

pallavi

shObhillu saptasvara sundarula bhajimpavE manasA

anupallavi

nAbhi hrt-kaNTha rasana nAsadulu andu

caraNam

dhara rksAmAdulalO vara gAyatri hrdayamuna

sura bhUsura mAnasamuna shubha tyAgarAjuni eDa

Meaning:

O Mind! Praise the divine forms of the seven musical notes, which glow in the navel, heart, neck, tongue and nose of the human body. (The seven notes) which shine in the four Vedas and in the sublime Gayathri Mantra as its essence. (The seven notes) which sparkle in the hearts of the celestials, of worthy Bhusuras and of Thyagaraja.


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