RARE RAGA SERIES : PHALAMANJARI – JANYA OF MELA (22) RAGAM KHARAHARAPRIYA

Updated: Sep 11, 2020

There are two janya ragas of Kharaharapriya, found close to each other, causing confusion - Phalamanjari and Phalaranjani. The main reason is that many internet sourses make mistakes in the names of these and put details of one under the other. So, in this discussion, we have to take up both the ragas together. Phalamanjari: (also called balamanjari) This is a janya raga with only four notes in arohanam and sampoorna avarohanam with slight vakra, represented as: S G2 M1 D2 S // S N2 D2 P M1 G2 M1 R2 S ‘Ragapravaham’ by D.Pattammal shows three specifications under janyas of Kharaharapriya: S G2 P D2 S // S N2 D2 P M1 G2 R2 S S G2 M1 D2 S // S N2 D2 P M1 G2 M1 R2 S (same as the normal spec) S R2 G2 M1 P D2 N2 N2 S // S N2 D2 P M1 G2 R2 S Also, there is one specification given under mela (29) Sankarabharanam : S G3 M1 D2 S // S N3 D2 M1 P M1 G3 R2 S This is a very minor raga, with very limited scope for elaboration. Gandharam in arohanam is elongated in presentation. Phalaranjani: This also is a janya of Kharaharapriya; notes are also very similar, except a little vakra in the arohanam, as: S G2 M1 P M1 D2 S // S N2 D2 P M1 G2 M1 R2 S (Please note that the avarohanam of both ragas being similar, in Phalaranjani, Panchamam comes additionally in the arohanam, also, an additional M1 in vakra in both directions). Compositions: Are re govinda damodara - Govindacharya Eduru guduru ganu ela navvine - Annamacharya Karuna judumu kamala lochani - R.Venugopal Mangalam Taruvai - Chitravina N.Ravikiran Melu melu ide buddhi melatala - Annamacharya Niku mrokkedaganasiyam ni vishnu tatvam sakala - Sriramachandra Murti Sistla O jagannatha sakala smrishti stithi jivakoti mana - Sriramachandra Murti Sistla Pala jalanidhilo - Annamacharya Palukutache phalamemo palumaru - Patnam Subramania Iyer Samasta stotalakunu - Sriramachandra Murti Sistla Sanatana paramapavana - Thyagaraja Sarasija lochani sama gana modini (tv - R.Venugopal Shri narasimha mam pahi - Thyagaraja Sri venkatesa na manavi – Patnam Subramanya Iyer

(It is seen that many songs like 'Sri Narasimha' by Thyagaraja in Phalaranjani are now sung in Phalamanjari. vidwans from the walajpet and Tillaistanam lineages sing this in Phalaranjani only. Also, many internet sites are giving the ragaswaroopa of Phalamanjari for Phalaranjani and vice versa).

There is only one composition found under Phalaranjani: Dhanesvara maha - Sriramachandra Murti Sistla

We shall discuss the Patnam Subramanya Iyer krithi in Phalamanjari. The Lyrics: P: shrI venkaTEsha nA manavi centha dIrci nAdu cinta dIrcavayyA A: nIvaNTi deivamendu lEdanucu nI sannidhi kOri vaccitivi C: ninnu kOri vaccina Alaguce luni brOci adellanu cAla vini vini nannAdarinci brOtuvani manasu nAyende lEdanucu


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