RARE RAGA SERIES: RAGAM DURGA – JANYA OF MELA (22) RAGAM KHARAHARAPRIYA

Ragam Durga is a very prominent raga in Hindustani music, belonging to the Bilawal that, corresponding to Sankarabharanam. It is an oudava raga and is quite similar to Suddha Saveri. But when we consider the carnatic raga with the same name, this again is an oudava raga and not so prominent one; but according to our classification system, this ragam is a Janya of mela (22) ragam Kharaharapriya. However it bears close resemblance to Suddhasaveri ( janya of Shankarabharanam ) as revealed in the notes used in both the ragams; the difference is only a minor variation in the arohanam.

Suddha Saveri S R2 M1 P D2 S // S D2 P M1 R2 S

Durga S R2 M1 D2 P D2 S // S D2 P M1 R2 S

(We can see that technically, Suddha Saveri also can be obtained from Kharaharapriya; but certain janyas are referred similarly due to the usage of notes, gamakas etc.)

It can be seen from the various audio / video clips of songs in this raga, that though the notes are almost similar, how and why the two ragas differ in the distinctive prayogas. There are not many compositions available in this raga, but those available are seen sung by various musicians. The main difference to be noted is that while Suddha Saveri raga can be elaborated extensively, while Durga does not permit the same, or musicians have not taken it seriously. Anyhow a detailed alapana is not available; the songs are usually sung as ‘fillers’ in concerts.

Compositions:

Gayathi vanamali - Sadasiva Bruhmendra

Ramam bhaje - Dayananda Saraswathi

Dharma sravana - Purandaradasar

Jaya jaya devi - Swathithirunal

Thillana (tanOm tata dhiranA) – Lalgudi G. Jayaraman

Thillana - Dr. Nagavalli Nagaraj

The Purandaradasar krithi, ‘Dharma sravana’ is a very philosophical one; as seen in the lyrics, the meaning as given by Sri. P.R.Ramachander:

Pallavi

What is the need of hearing about Dharma for a fool.

Anupallavi

For those who do not do their duties and rituals,

What is the need of being born as a Brahmin.

Charanam

1.What is the need of music of Veena to the deaf one,

What is the use of costly gem to a monkey,

What is the use of gem studded necklace ,

For the lady whose strength has been lost.

2.What is the use of tasty food for the saint,

If a donkey shouts , the dog cannot bear,

Do not try o make love to a woman,

Who is punishing her body with strong penances.

3. What is the need of lamp for one who is born blind,

What is the use of caste dharma to one who is banished from it,

What is the use of desire that you would Pray,

Only after you are able to touch Purandara Vittala.

Now, we shall listen to the veteran carnatic musicians, The Hyderabad Brothers, (vidwans. D. Raghavachari and D. Seshachari), singing the Dasaru krithi , clearly showing the difference with Suddha Saveri.


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RARE RAGAS IN CARNATIC MUSIC - INDEX

(Please check the name of the Raga and search using the search button) Ahir bhairaV Amrita vahini Andhali Andolika Ardra Desi Bangala Bhairavam Bhushavali Bindumalini Chandrajyothi Chhaya goula Chhaya

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